Research & Publications

Research and teaching are intricately complement each other. Doing research requires passion and constant dedication. “Research is creating new knowledge of formalized curiosity” (Neil Armstrong; Zora Neale Hurston). I will continue to follow my passion researching what I do not know. Below is the list of my selected research and the associated publications. 

GIS Equal Justice Mapping & Spatial Analysis Project – GIS project with the York County Courthouse Self-Help Center started in fall 2015 and is still on-going to the present. It is a long term community service project that is a project-based learning opportunity support YCP students through internships and independent studies.  After the initial design and construction of the database, the project has allowed many YCP students hone their GIS skills such as database building, data cleaning, thematic mapping, and spatial analyses. Students have provided their finished work in the Center’s quarterly, annual reports and funding proposals. Students who did this project are Jessica Watson (2016 Spring), Jennifer Liedy (2016 Summer), Olivia West(2017 Spring), Claire Ashcraft (2018 Summer), Joseph Falk (2020 Summer), Joshua Reed (2021 Spring), and Rebekah Dodson (2021 Summer). 

Contemporary Intelligence Analysis and National Security: A Critical American Perspective – Book project with colleague John Weaver, Intelligence Analysis students, and Geography students in 2019-20. The project was completed and published by NOVA Science Publication in June 2020.

Society, Space, and Social Justice: The Geographies of Intersectionality Book project on  social inequality and injustice in various geographic regions with colleague Vandana Wadhwa  and a group of geographers worldwide.  After about 2-years’ writing, editing, and multiple rounds of reiterations, this book project was completed and published in November 2019 by Lexington Books of Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group.

Global Intelligence Priorities (from the Perspective of the United States) Book project with colleague John Weaver, Geography minor students, and Intelligence Analysis majored students during 2018-2019. This book project was completed and published by NOVA Science Publication on July 1, 2019.

Shade Coffee Estate, Local Livelihood, and Sustainability in the Highlands of Nicaragua Field Research Project with student – Samuel Estrada, an International Relations major and Geography minor in summer 2017. Shade coffee is a major land use in the highlands of the northern-central Nicaragua lending livelihood to local population. Such land use has resulted major land cover change in the region. This field-based collaborative research project examines how this LULCC conversely affect local sustainability. The project suggest agro-diversification techniques that are critical to sustainable local rural livelihood.

Peace Atlas Project – Led by Stan Brunn, a prominent geographer at University of Kentucky, I worked with him and a group of geographers across the world and developed an electronic peace atlas. More information about this project is found at